Do National political systems still influence Arab media?
 Noha Mellor’s book, The Making of Arab News, has devoted a chapter to taking issue with my typology, and although its author has unfortunately misunderstood many of my main points, I do not intend to devote space in this essay to correcting her errors but instead will try to summarize and reevaluate my basic approach. For her criticisms, see chapter 3 in Noha Mellor, The Making of Arab News, New York: Rowman and Littlefield, 2005. At the request of a journalism class at AUC, I wrote a detailed paper correcting her misreading of my book, and I shared it with her, but I have not published it.
 Fred S. Siebert, Theodore Peterson and Wilbur Schramm, Four Theories of the Press, Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1963, chapters 1-4.
 Ibid., p. 1
 Readers interested in more details of the typology can consult the extended descriptions in the books.
 Mellor, op.cit., pp. 59, 70 misunderstands this point on ownership.
 Arab Mass Media, op.cit, pp.43-38 see especially table 3.1 on p.44
 Arab Mass Media, op.cit., pp.116-17, 170, 209-10, 243-44
 Interview with the UAE Information Minister
 Mellor, op.cit, pp. 51, 61-63, 70 includes émigré newspapers.
 See the special section on reality TV in the TBS print edition, vol.1, no.2, pp.7-84, especially Marwan Kraidy, “Reality Television and Politics in the Arab World”, and Marc Lynch “Reality is Not Enough”; also Marc Lynch, Voices of the New Arab Public, New York: Columbia University Press, 2005
 Idem.; for details of the Bahrain story, see Transnational Broadcasting Studies, vol. 1, no.2, pp. 14-17, 33, 56-57
 See Kraidy and Lynch, cited in footnote 11.
 E.g. Habib Battah: “SMS: The Next TV Revolution”, TBS 2006, and see Lawrence Pintak and Marc Lynch in Arab Media and Society, March 2007
 This was a technique I had used in the 1960s when I wrote my PhD dissertation on “The Politics of Broadcasting in Germany”, and it seemed to work well enough to give me a reasonably accurate picture of the role of the media in the political process.
 Marc Lynch, Voices of a New Arab Public, passim., and “Reality is Not Enough” op. cit, pp.35-43
 Marc Lynch, “Reality Is Not Enough”, pp.29-45